EPR and DRS in Washington State – Phase I

12th February 2021

by Sarah Edwards, Sydnee Grushack

Eunomia was commissioned by the King County Responsible Recycling Task Force (Washington State) to carry out a three-phase study to contribute to the development of a feasible model for a beverage container deposit system.

The Phase I study provided an inventory of existing container deposit systems across the world based on a set of criteria most applicable to Washington State. These included:

  • Systems financed/operated/overseen by third party organizations or packaging and paper product producers.
  • Systems that include return mechanisms other than drop off at retail/grocery stores.
  • Systems that work in tandem with EPR systems for residential packaging and paper products.
  • Systems operating in jurisdictions with kerbside recycling programs similar to those in Washington State.

Six systems were judged most applicable to Washington – Oregon, Maine, British Columbia, Alberta, Norway and Germany – and have been reviewed against a set of key system principles, covering:

  • Effectiveness
  • Management, Oversight and Governance
  • Financing

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